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Hunan Zhangjiajie Fenghuang Guizhou Miao Ethnic Group Lusheng Festival Tour - 13 Days

Destination: Zhangjiajie Fenghuang Guizhou
Duration: Thirteen Day
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Transportation: Vehicle
Best Travel Time:All Year
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People often refer to Guizhou Province as ※the base of the Miao nationality.§ Inside Guizhou, the majority of the Miao population resides in the Southeastern Guizhou Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture. The Miao rely heavily on agriculture and for the most part are a typical agrarian society. However, hunting also plays an important, albeit minor, role. Miao arts and crafts are beautifully colored and renowned at home and abroad. Crafts such as cross-stitch, embroidery, brocade, wax printing, paper cutting, and general adornment creation are cultural staples. Among these, Miao wax printing has over 1000 years of history, while Miao clothing incorporates hundreds of styles in varying arrays of color. Headdress is common, often using flowers to accent vibrant patterns. The Miao are generally adept singers and dancers and specialize in love songs and songs for toasting. The reed pipe is the most commonly used musical instrument during musical serenades or feasts.
Full price of this tour (per person in US$):
Price Price Instruction
US$2200/persons 2200USD/Person

Day 1: Zhangjiajie Arrival
Pi up you at Hehuo airport, Zhangjiajie of west Hunnan Province. Stay overnight in Zhangjiajie city.


Day 2: Zhangjiajie
Chartered bus from Zhangjiajie to Wulingyuan. (50 km).
Wulingyuan Scenic Reserve is known by Chinese as Zhangjiajie instead. In this 370 square kilometers area are hidden with densely clusters of three thousand limestone towels, most with hight from a hundred to four hundred meters, fully filled in the skyline from misty deep valleys. Generous investment has helped with making path for exploring in the mistery limestone towels.To visit view the landscape of Chinese water color painting-like, it definitely takes good one day.
The route most people take is: Wulingyuan entrance-ten li Gallery每Four Door Connected By A Stream每Jinbian Stream每Yellow Stone Village每Forest Exit.
( For most mountain hiker, your tour for the second day can be: Wulingyuan entrance每The Border of Yuan Family每Mountain of the Heaven's Son〞Wulingyuan每Exit.). Note: The second route is more fun if you prefer a higher excursion to low valleys. Stay overnight in Zhangjiajie city.


Day 3: Zhangjiajie - Fenghuang
Zhangjiajie to Fenghuang Ancient Town. ( 300 km)
Five hours drive, you will come to the famous Fenghuang ancient town in west Hunnan, enlisted on UNESCO in 2008, the year that China hosted Olympic Games.
Fenghuang was once a town occupied by Miao insurgents in mid of nineteenth century, then was recaptured by Hunan Army and it became the front pass to keep off Miao insurgents' harass, great wall of around a hundred kilometers extends from northeast to southwest along the ridge of mountain, separating GOOD MIAO from BAD MIAO far to isolated Guizhou. The great wall just in the suburb of ancient Fenghuang, could worth your time to explore.
Traditional houses, many from Qing dynasty and Kuomingtang times, still survive today. Most of typical architectures scatter along the south bank of Tuo River. Nearly twenty alleys easily navigate you to all the backstreets. These substantial two-storey homes are mostly built with high eaves, screen carved with mythological figures, fish, representing good luck.
Stay overnight in Fenghuang old town.


Day 4: Fenghuang - Jinpin
Fenghuang to Jinping of Guizhou ( 260km))
Jinping lies at the border of Guizhou and Hunan, a town has seen the contact of hill tribes from unknown Guizhou and advanced east China. Intimate contact with majority nor really started until thirteenth century when three hundred thousand crusades were dispatched from central China to Dali Kingdom of west Yunnan. Han migrants, both troops and civilians, became new settlers along the rich valley of Yuanjiang River which pours to the Yangtze in Hunan. Jinping then became a join where the culture, tradition and trade was confronted. Today, a typical culture with mixture of Han, Dong and Miao could be found here. On the way you drive from Hunnan and enter Guizhou, so much different relics could be found: ancestors' halls, maybe the most magnificent building you can find in the villages, are always built with fine screen wooden curving of fortune figures, like thrush on tree, deer on meadow, white crane on cloud.
Stay overnight in Jinping.


Day 5: Jinping - Zhaoxing
Jinping to Zhaoxing. (150km)
En route you will visit another ancient military stronghold built in Ming Dynasty〞ancient Longli, maybe the biggest one in east Guizhou. Many old architectures, alleyways are pretty well preserved.We would warmly recommend you to visit one limestone bridge, Tiansheng Bridge which is believed to be the biggest one in Asia, with eight1y meters high, ninety meters in arch.
Stay overnight at Zhaoxing.


Day 6: Zhaoxing - Congjiang
Zhaoxing to Congjiang (80 kilometers)
Here you are in Dong area already, and you will come to visit a typical festival〞Taiguanren( Carrying Official). This is an impressive occasion held in turn by the Dong tribes, on which the tribes pay a visit to their friendly tribe people. During this occasion the number of visitors could be some hundred who walk from their village, everyone carry gift packed in beautiful bamboo baskets, walking in a long queue. All wear traditional shining, gloomy indigo-dyed jacket, pleated skirts, fully ornamented with silver jewelries. One guy, often dressed up in old style of feudal official's uniform, is carried on an armchair when the long queue of visitors come to the host village.The ※Official§ generously dump small note of money to the local girls who flanking him to their drum towel. The fully dressed girls flanking the Official are chosen strictly for their talent and quick wit of singing songs.When they come to the drum tower, music from drum, guitar-like two string-instrument, bell and gong accompany traditional melody with enlightment from the nature. Chanting, dancing will last far to the night.

Day7: Congjiang
Congjiang to Yao village, back to Congjiang. (100 kilometers)
When travelers come to Congiang, quite few know that 40 kilometers to the west of Congjiang, a small tribe of Yao, with population of less than a thousand, keep very ancient hair style. In significant occasions, a huge square board with a sharp point frame is covered with indigo-dyed textile, embroidery and many strings of buns dingleing down from its ridge, this is their festival hat. Thus they are named after this, Dingban Yao (Board -hat Yao).From the third to the six day of the first lunar moon of a year, women in fully festival dress assemble in the open square of the village by the village school, dance to Long-drum played by men from the village. Today we will drive there and traditional dancing will go as tradition.Yao people has a big population of two and a half million, while six hundred thousand more are living in Vietnam. How many groups of Yao are living in China and abroad? This still remains disputed. But all agree this group of Yao is the most typical and mysterious.Stay overnight in Congjiang for the second night.


Day 8: Congjiang - Kaili
Congjiang to Kaili (350 kilometers)
Drive by highway to Kaili, in the afternoon, visit Lusheng Festival near KailiLusheng festival in Nangao village of Danzhai county.


Day 9: Kaili
Visit Lusheng festival held by another group of Miao near Kaili.
Lusheng is a pipeline music instrument which is widely used in almost all occasions. Lusheng festivals are quite common courtship occasions held annually in turns of villages in Guizhou. Men from one village come to the ground playing their instruments, while girls from other village choose the charismatic men and music they like, then dance to the music in big or small circle. Though men today have lost the traditional dress, but women keep their festival dress as a glory of the family.
Stay in Kaili for the second night. 


Day10: Kaili - Guiyang - Pingba - Yunshan
Drive to Guiyang, then keep going westward to Pingba( 250 Kilometers)
The eighth day of the fist lunar moon falls on today, another festival held by Black Miao group will go as tradition in a town call Pingba county, just forty kilometers to the west of Guiyang.
It is said that this group of Black Miao moved from Huangping of west Kaili in the mid of nineteenth century, the period of Miao's insurgency and social disorder in Guizhou. The native Black Miao in Huangping today have changed their clothes so much, especially the original gloom indigo color has changed into warm, bright color, so they have a new name for this group每Red Miao. Definitely this is quite different from those Red Miao habiting in the north of Vietnam.
The festival held by Black Miao in Pingba could not be very impressive, but here you will see how the Black Miao's dress remains for more than a hundred years unchanged. In this festival you will also see other groups, such as Qing group who are registered as Miao, Buyi and Little Flowered Miao who live around.
After we visit the festival, we drive to Yunshan, a fort built by Han Chinese troops when they invaded Guizhou in Ming times.
Yunshan Fort is built on a pinnacle of a small hill in the suburb of Pingba county. A 1000-meter wall with watch towers atop, follows the highest contour of a steep of hills around the fort,forming a formidable defence. Minorities of non-Han Chinese were kept off but those troops and their families were simultaneously enclaved, Han Chinese culture from Ming time of six hundred years ago were frozen in this fort, remains unknown until mid of last century when new order of society started. Warriors' opera like today's Beijing opera is given by occasionally by the habitants during spring festival, this becomes the rare chance for children to learn the ancestors' warrior life. Here we may have the chance to see this opera. Stay overnight at Yunshan Fort.


Day 11: Yunshan -Liuzhi
Yunshan to Liuzhi (150km)
Another half day for you to explore in the ancient Chinese fort. Drive to Liuzhi in the afternoon. En route we will visit traditional market.


Day 12:Liuzhi
Sixty kilometers to the north of Liuzhi county are living a group of Miao, the Long-horned Miao, with a population of around 2500 which scattering in remote, isolated mountain around Liuzhi and Zhijin counties. Today, which falls on the tenth of the first lunar moon, dozens of thousand of Long-horned Miao will gather for annual celebration每Lusheng festival, in their word is called Dancing in Courtship or Tiaohua in Chinese.
On the festival, women, teenage girls, are expected to wear their florid festival dress; hairdress, of course, is the most important for show in the festival.
It always takes quite long time to prepare for this complicated hairdress. This amazing hair is from daily collection which often takes whole life time. For a teenage she needs hair collection from some generations. Nearly one kilogram of hair is braided in fine strings. On the special occasions, the hair is applied to mix with her real hair and fixed at a water boffola-shape comb of two feet in length. Today some start to mix the hair with black woolen to make the hair lighter. When the hairdress is done, it remains fixed till the festival is over after two days. Women with this hairdress can only lean at a table when fall asleep in the evening.
The Long-horned Miao's festival dress is barely impressive too. Cross-stitch with red color, blue and white wax-resistance is widely used in the long jacket and pleated skirts.
On this festival, girls from the same village will form a circle,dancing to the music from Lusheng pipeline instruments played by few boys also in festival dress. On the slope of the hill at the festival, boys and girls talk and exchange gossip, or they may sing folk love songs. It seems the festival is not just for gathering, but means courtship and help turning a new page of one's life.
The festival lasts till it gets dark but we need to leave around five, then drive back to Liuzhi. Stay another night in Liuzhi.


Day 13. Liuzhi -Guiyang
Drive to Guiyang, city visit, then departure for your home. Tour ends.


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