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Lop Nur Adventure Loulan Ancient Kingdom Tarim Basin Tour - 9 Days

Destination: Lop Nur
Duration: Nine Day
Tour Code:
Transportation: Vehicle
Best Travel Time:April - Oct
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Lop Nur or Lop Nor is a former salt lake, now largely dried-up, located between the Taklamakan and Kumtag deserts in the southeastern portion of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China. Administratively, the lake is in Lop Nur Town of Ruoqiang County, which in its turn is part of the Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture.

The world-famous ancient city of Loulan, situated in the west of the Lop Nor, was the hub of communications in the Western Regions and occupied a very important position on the ancient Silk Road. The Loulan Kingdom was founded in 176 B.C. and vanished in 630, existing for over 800 years. But the exact location of the Loulan City remained unknown for about 1,000 years. It was not until the beginning of 20th century that it was accidentally discovered by a Uygur in Xinjiang. Thus, the ruins of the thousand-year-sleeping ancient city came to be known again. Now, the Loulan Site is listed as a major culture site and under state protection. Lop Nor is Mongolian and means ¡°the Lake Converging Many Water Source¡±. Lop Nor is located at the eastern end of the Tarim Basin in the northeast part of Ruoqiang County. It is a terminal lake of the Tarim River, occupying an area of over 3000 square kilometers, the biggest salt migration lake in China. Now it desiccated completely and the lake bed is covered with a hard salt crust, nearby there are marvelous Yardang landscapes. Located on the southern route of the ancient Silk Road, Lop Nor occupied key pass through before coming into the Western Regions in ancient times. A great number of historical remains have been found along the banks of the Lake until toady. Among them is the well known Loulan ancient city, which is situated on the western bank of Lop Nor. This tour will take you to experience adventure in-depth. Most areas of this tour are desolated areas and there are no regular roads for this tour. The group members have to sleep in tents in a way to feel the silence of the desert and you are going to experience a really challenging trip.

Full price of this tour (per person in US$):
Price Price Instruction
US$1800/persons 1800USD/Person

Day 1 : Arrival in Urumqi
Our nice guide will meet you at the airport and then start your Xinjiang Adventure. Visit Xinjiang Museum, Erdaoqiao Market & International Bazaar,
Xinjiang Museum,the museum is the main institution to collect and investigate the unearthed cultural relics and specimens in Xinjiang. There are more than 50 thousand pieces of various kinds of cultural relics stored in the museum, among them, the ancient mummies represented by ¡®the Loulan Beauty', manuscripts in Chinese, Kharosthi, Qiuci, Yanji, Tibetan, Uigurian and other characters prevailed in ancient Westen Regions, the silk ,wool, cotton and hemp fabrics and folk rainment, etc., are unusual tidbits in the world.
Erdaoqiao Market & International BazaarThe Erdaoqiao Bazaar is the largest in Urumqi. You'll find a bustling market filled with fruit, clothing, crafts, knives, carpets and almost anything that you can imagine. On Sunday, there are more stalls and more goods to buy than any other day. The old streets around the bazaar are really worth seeing.Here is the most welcomed place by tourist especialy by ladies where they can buy some traditional Uygur make up cosmetic.  

Day 2 : Urumqi ¡ª Turpan (200kms, 2.5-3hrs driving)
In the morning drive to Turpan and have a short break at the Wind Power Station and then visit Jiaohe Ruined city, Karez Irrigation system upon arrival.
Jiaohe RuinedThe Jiaohe Ruins is located on a mesa in willow leaf shape between the Yarnaz River valleys 10 kilometers to the west of Turfan City. running from northwest to southeast, 1760 meters long and 300 meters across at the widest part. The city includes city gates, streets and lanes, government office, temples, domestic houses, cave houses, wells, and an underground temple.
Karez Irrigation System,The Karez System is a unique irrigation system in Turfan, which, taking advantage of the slopes, draws the underground water to flow by itself to irrigate farmland. It consists of four parts: vertical wells, underground channels, ground canals and small reservois 

Day 3 : Turpan¡ªNo 1 Camp Site (320kms, 5¡ª6hrs)
Todayt your Lop Nur adventure starts. After breakfast visit the Tuyoq village and then we drive to Kumtag Desert via Dikan'er by cross-county car. On the way we will have panoramic desert views. Overnight in No 1 Campsite
Tuyoq Valley, constructed iin eastern and western cliffs in Tuyoq valley . more than 40 caves, there are 10 preserving murals. They are considered to be the earliest caves in Turfan, Murals are mostly damaged, but unique in style. 

Day4 : No 1 Camp Site¡ªNo 2 Camp Site (310kms, 7hrs)
Start out from Dikan'er to Dragon City. Dragon City is one of three Yardang Groups in Lop Nur Lake and located on the north bank of Lop Nur Lake. All the earth pads arrange in the east-west direction and look like dragons seen from distance, thus it was called Dragon City. We pass the site where Mr.Yu Chunshun died, the famous Chinese adventurer before we arrive at the Lake center. Once a vast lake in ancient times, today Lop Nur has entirely dried up. It is now a lake only in name. you will know how big the world is, how quite the world is and how tiny you are . 

Day5 : No 2 Camp Site¡ªNo 3 Camp Site (280kms, 6-7hrs)
In the morning you can take the photo of the dried center of Lop Nur Lake where the tourists often leave memorials; Then we drive on to enter Loulan Ancient City. This ancient city once served as the capital of Loulan Kingdom and it was a very prosperous city on the Silk Road. The rest of the day is to visit this important ancient city and there is the best-preserved ancient castle. Our group lead always has the desire to cry, at this time, you know how busy you are in the city, and why you are so tired. Lop Nur tour is a adventure of the process of spiritual purification. 

Day6 : No 3 Camp Site¡ªNo 4 Camp Site (210kms, 5¡ª6hrs)
After breakfast we will drive to Kumtag Desert, on the way we need to hike 5 KM, then we get to Sanlong sand dune. The Kumtag Desert covers a total area of 2,500 square kilometers. And the converging winds have brought about clusters of sand hills in the shape of pyramids. We will see the magnificent expanse of the yellow sands, which has been neighbor to the oasis for thousands of years. Overnight in No.4 Campsite 

Day7 : No 4 Camp Site¡ªDunhuang (350kms, 7hrs)
After breakfast drive to Dunhuang and visit the Yumenguan pass and the Great Wall of Han Dynasty. Then check into the hotel and visit the Shazhou Night Market.
Yumenguan PassIt is one of the two important passes on the western frontier of the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220) lands. In ancient times, it was the crucial gateway from central China to the western regions.
Shazhou Night MarketIt is not only famous for its tasty snacks and local specialties but also for its well-regulated management. The whole night market is 1000 meters long in total. There are shops selling handworks and souvenirs, food stalls and fruit stands. When the fruit season comes, visitors can buy juicy fruits at reasonable prices. 

Day8 : Dunhuang
Visit Mogao Grottoes, Echoing-Sand Mountain and the Crescent Lake, Camel Riding
Mogao Grottoes Constructed over a millennium, from the 4th to the 14th centuries, the caves hold the world's richest treasure house of Buddhist sutras, murals and sculptures.Cameras are not permitted.
Echoing-Sand Mountain Crescent Moon Spring is 6km south of Dunhuang in the Singing Sands Mountains and is quite literally an oasis in the desert. The spring's name derives from the crescent moon shape taken by the small pool of spring water between two large sand dunes. Although the area is very dry, the pool doesn't dry up as one might expect. 

Day 9 : Dunhuang Departure
Send you for departure in Dunhuang.

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